City News Page

CSF Bags 3 Awards In 21st Gawad KALASAG Regional Level [ Monday | 29th day of July, 2019 | 3 weeks ago ]

The City Government of San Fernando’s efforts and initiatives in pushing for a disaster-resilient community have been recognized as it bagged three titles in this year’s 21st Gawad KALASAG Regional Awards: Search for Excellence in Disaster Risk Reduction and Management and Humanitarian Assistance. The awarding was held on July 26 at the Fontana Paeoni Function Hall, ASEAN Convention, C.M. Recto Highway, Clark Freeport Zone.

San Fernando received the Best City Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council under the Component/Independent City category; San Fernando Rescue Unit got the 1st place for Best Local Government Emergency Management and Response Team; and, Sindalan National Child Development Center cornered the award for Best Child Development Center under the School Category-Early Learning Center.

These awards were conferred by the Regional Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (RDRRMC III) and Office of Civil Defense (OCD-III), respectively.

Mayor Edwin “EdSa” Santiago, together with Vice Mayor Jimmy Lazatin, CDRRM Officer Raymond Del Rosario and some members of the Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (LDRRMC), received the awards.

Gawad KALASAG which stands for “KAlamidad at Sakuna LAbanan, SAriling Galing ang Kaligtasan,” aims to recognize government agencies and institutions, local government units, civil society organizations, private sectors, and individuals for services covering four thematic areas: Prevention and Mitigation, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery and Rehabilitation.

CDRRM Officer Del Rosario expressed his gratitude to the local government for its unending support and vowed to continue his office’s commitment in delivering disaster and emergency preparedness services.

“In the City of San Fernando, of course through the support of Mayor Santiago, we will make sure that we will be resilient and adaptive. We will continue to identify and prevent the hazards sa paligid natin. Kung ano man po ang mga emergencies, tawag nyo lamang po sa ating hotline 961-HELP or 961-4657, at buong puso po kaming maglilingkod,” said Del Rosario.

Meanwhile, Santiago lauded the efforts and dedication of the CDRRM personnel and urged the Fernandinos to continuously support the capital city’s actions and programs towards a disaster-resilient community.

“Binabati natin at pinasasalamatan ang ating mga kababayan, mga barangay, at lalung-lalo na ang CDRRM Council dahil nangunguna tayo sa Gawad Kalasag—isang pagpapatunay na tayong lahat ay may iisang layunin kung kaya’t ipagpatuloy sana natin ang ating pagkakaiisa upang tayo ay maging alerto at handa sa kung ano man sakuna o peligro na dumating sa atin. Muli, maraming salamat at mabuhay ang mga Fernandinos!” Santiago said in an interview.

The City of San Fernando is now set to represent Central Luzon for this year’s National Gawad Kalasag Awards which will be held in September.

Fernandino Kid Tops International Arithmetic Tilt [ Thursday | 25th day of July, 2019 | 4 weeks ago ]

Five-year-old Ryan Warren Merdegia, Jr. of Barangay Saguin was hailed as champion in the Abacus Learning Of Higher Arithmetic (ALOHA) International Mental Arithmetic Competition held July 20 in Guangzhou, China.

competition was opened to ages 5-12 years old who were divided into different
age brackets. Each contestant must correctly answer 70 math problems in just
five minutes without the use of calculator or any computing tool.

his exceptional intellectual abilities, Ryan landed as champion in the Level 1
category and 3rd place overall champion.

Merdegia, Ryan’s mother, said her son was among the three representatives from
Pampanga who were sent to China to compete with more than 600 kids from
different countries around the world.

time po niyang sumali sa isang kompetisyon kaya hindi ko po in-expect na
mananalo siya. May mga nakalaban din po siya na mas matanda sa kanya at
parehong magagaling din,” she added.

from attending formal school as a kinder student, Ryan is also enrolled in
ALOHA Pampanga which offers an educational program for children in the field of
numerical computational skills in arithmetic.

his part, Mayor Edwin Santiago expressed his warmest congratulations to Ryan
not only for bringing pride to the City but also for showing Fernandinos’
ingenuity to the whole world.

ako na sa kanyang murang edad ay nakapag-uwi na siya ng malaking rekognisyon sa
ating bansa, lalawigan at minamahal na syudad. Buo ang suporta ng lokal na
pamahalaan sa mga kabataang tulad niya na nais pang hubugin ang kanilang mga
kakayanan at galing,” he furthered.

Pulung Bulu Newest Drug-cleared Barangay Of CSF [ Tuesday | 23rd day of July, 2019 | 4 weeks ago ]

Pulung Bulu was declared by the Regional Oversight Committee on Barangay Drug Clearing Program as the third drug-cleared barangay in the City of San Fernando. 

The certificate was presented by the City Government of San Fernando during Monday’s flag ceremony at the City Hall. It was received by barangay officials of Pulung Bulu headed by Captain Ernesto Carreon, Jr.

Mayor Edwin “EdSa” Santiago, Vice Mayor Jimmy Lazatin, City police chief, Lieutenant Colonel Paul Inigo Gamido, Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) Officer Marites Quillope, Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA) Pampanga Deputy IA III Albert Bohol, City Health Officer Dr. Eloisa Aquino and City Social Welfare and Development Officer Aileen Villanueva led the awarding ceremony.

In his speech, Santiago commended the efforts of the barangay, through its Anti-Drug Abuse Council, for having satisfactorily complied with the parameters of a drug-cleared barangay in accordance with the Dangerous Drugs Board Regulation.

To attain a “drug-cleared” status, a committee must convene and validate the non-availability of drug supply in the area and absence of drug transit activity/transshipment activity; clandestine drug laboratory, drug warehouse and chemical warehouse; marijuana cultivation site, drug den, drive or resort; and drug pusher, user and protector.

They must also ensure the active involvement of barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan officials in anti-drug campaigns and activities. And lastly, guarantee the existence of drug awareness programs and drug treatment and rehabilitation processing desk in the community.

“Natutuwa ako sa pakikiisa ng Barangay Pulung Bulu sa ating malawakang kampanya kontra sa iligal na droga. Umaasa ako na mahikayat din nila ang iba pang mga barangay officials upang mas dumami pa ang drug-cleared barangays sa syudad at kinalaunan ay magiging drug-free na din ang buong San Fernando,” Mayor EdSa furthered.

For his part, Barangay Captain Carreon expressed his gratitude to the city government and other agencies who have tirelessly helped them in effectively implementing the drug clearing program.

“Talagang nagbahay-bahay kami para kausapin yung mga involved. Mahirap sa umpisa pero di nagtagal ay sumunod naman sila. Sa pamamagitan ng programang ito ay natulungan natin yung mga ka-barangay natin na naligaw ng landas. Maging ang kanilang mga pamilya ay natutuwa dahil sa pagbabago ng kanilang mga mahal sa buhay,” he said. 

Barangays Pandaras and Lara were the first two barangays in the city to be declared drug-cleared.

CSF Launches Children’s Book On Disaster Preparedness [ Wednesday | 17th day of July, 2019 | 1 month ago ]

In celebration of this year’s National Disaster Resilience Month in the City of San Fernando, the City Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (CDRRMC)-Information Management Committee (IMC) launched a book which aims to intensify disaster awareness among children.

big book, entitled “Limang Kuentu Bang Maging Alertu,” features five stories
that convey safety and preparedness tips which are easily understood through
colorful illustrations.

was written in Kapampangan language and also has English translation.

book was authored by Jefferson David, illustrated by Cristian Mercado,
translated by Dr. Fernandina Otchengco and edited by Ching Pangilinan and
Michael Pangilinan.

the launching, David led a storytelling activity which was participated in by
hundreds of elementary students from public and private schools in the city.

IMC is also set to conduct simultaneous storytelling events in different

copies of the big book were turned-over to the Department of Education
represented by Officer-in-Charge, Assistant Schools Division Superintendent Dr.
Shirley Zipagan.

Edwin “EdSa” Santiago, in his speech, said the CDRRMC continues to stimulate
public awareness about disaster mitigation through information campaigns and
educational efforts.

also said that children are among the vulnerable sectors during disasters.
Hence, in their early age, they must know the necessary actions before, during
and after a catastrophic event to protect themselves from any harm.

po sa lahat ng oras ay kasama natin ang mga bata. Ang kalamidad ay walang
pinipiling edad at lugar kaya naman mahalaga na maging handa ang bawat isa,”
the city mayor added.


CSF Recognizes Barangays For Best Solid Waste Management [ Wednesday | 17th day of July, 2019 | 1 month ago ]

The City Government of San Fernando recognized some barangays for their best practices on Ecological Solid Waste Management and efforts towards a sustainable and green city.

The recognitions were feted during the Search for Model Barangays on Ecological Solid Waste Management (ESWM) Awarding of Best Practices on July 16 at the Mini Convention Center, Heroes Hall.

The awarding was made possible through the initiatives of the City Environment and Natural Resources Office (CENRO) and in partnership with Mother Earth Foundation.

Mayor Edwin “EdSa” Santiago, Vice Mayor Jimmy Lazatin, CENRO Officer Regina Rodriguez, and City Local Government Operations Officer Marites Quillope led the awarding ceremony.

During his speech, Santiago reiterated that the capital city is pushing for a zero-waste community, wherein environment preservation and protection is one of the local government’s priorities.

“Lahat naman ng bagay ay laging nag-uumpisa sa maliit. Gaya ng pagpreserba at pagpapanatili ng kalinisan sa lugar, nag-uumpisa ‘yan sa maliit o sa mababa, at dito pumapasok ang komunidad—ang barangay. Sa inyo magsisimula ang pagbabago at patuloy na pag-usbong ng kalinisan sa Syudad San Fernando,” he said.

The city mayor furthered that the local government has several programs in addressing environmental issues wherein public participation and support is needed to achieve a green, livable and sustainable San Fernando.

For this year’s search for Model Barangays on ESWM, Brgy. San Isidro was hailed for the Best Material Recovery Facility (MRF) for Cluster 1, while Brgy. Sta. Teresita was hailed with the Best MRF-Cluster 2.

The Most Sustainable Solid Waste Management Program award was given to Brgy. San Isidro and the Most Improved Barangay award went to Brgy. Pandaras.

For the Best Barangay-Cluster 1, Brgy. Quebiawan was hailed as Top 1, followed by Maimpis and San Isidro.

For the Best Barangay Cluster 2, Brgy. Alasas ranked first, followed by Sta. Teresita and San Juan.

Special awards were also given to Cristina Villanueva, Brgy. Sta. Teresita as the Best Barangay Secretary; Eduardo Pineda of Brgy. San Isidro as the Best Kagawad; Barangay Lara as the Best Barangay Council; and, Brgy. Pandaras as the Best Barangay Solid Waste Management Committee.

Other winners in various categories were:

Highest Household Compliance Rate—Brgy. Lara
Best Garbage Collection System—Brgy. Quebiawan
Highest Waste Diversion Rate—Brgy. Calulut
Cleanest Barangay—Brgy. Sta. Teresita
Best ESWM Enforcement Program—Brgy. Telabastagan
Best Livelihood Program—Brgy. Dela Paz Sur
Best Institutionalized ESWM Program—Brgy. Juliana
Best Manila Bay Waterways Clean-up—Brgy. Juliana, Pandaras, San Isidro, Sta. Teresita
Best Barangay Chairman—Brgy. Captain Benito Ong (Juliana)

Special citations were also given to St. Jude Village, San Agustin Pilar Village, San Isidro, Villa Lourdes, Alasas Coneland 2 as Model Homeowners Association.

Meanwhile, the winners for the Search for Cleanest and Greenest Village/Subdivision under the City Agriculture and Veterinary Office (CAVO) program were also awarded.

Rockville Heights Subdivision, Malpitic was hailed as 1st placer, followed by Richmond Subdivision, Magliman (2nd place) and Gloria II Subdivision, Sindalan (3rd place).

Japan Gov’t Conducts Rabies Diagnosis Test In CSF [ Tuesday | 16th day of July, 2019 | 1 month ago ]

Delegates from Japan, in cooperation with the Regional Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, visited the City of San Fernando’s dog pound facility to conduct tests and observations for the development of innovative diagnostic methods for rabies.

Satoshi Inoue from the Department of Veterinary Science National Institute of
Infectious Diseases and Dr. Chun-Ho, Park from the School of Veterinary
Medicine of Kitasato University said the city is among the pioneer LGUs they
have visited for the conduct of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Test (ICT) in the
Philippines. This is a new procedure to detect rabies virus through dog
whiskers—long, coarse hairs protruding from a dog's muzzle, jaw and above the

In an
interview, City Veterinarian Dr. Ryan Paul Manlapaz said the Rapid ICT is
conveniently feasible compared to the direct microscopic examination that is
currently practiced in the Philippines which also requires animal euthanasia.

ngayon kasi kailangan muna nating patayin ang aso na nangagat bago natin
malaman kung may rabies ito. Pero sa bagong test na dinedevelop ng Japan kahit
hindi patayin ang aso basta makuhanan ito ng whisker ay pwede ng i-test,” he

also highlighted that the new test can provide fast and more reliable results.

umaabot ng dalawang araw bago malaman ang resulta doon sa microscopic exam,
pero kapag Rapid ICT na ang ginawa natin, in less than an hour, pwede ng
ma-detect kung may rabies o wala ang isang hayop,” he explained.

could be remembered that in 2018, the Philippine government asked the
assistance of Japan for the establishment of a rabies prevention and treatment
network model in its quest to become a rabies-free country by 2020.

Mayor Edwin “EdSa” Santiago encouraged the Fernandinos to support the rabies
prevention and control program of the City Agriculture and Veterinary Office
(CAVO) and avail the free services they offer.

continues to be a public health problem that’s why we continue to strengthen
our programs to eradicate it. The CAVO provides free vaccination, deworming and
check-up for pets and also regularly conducts dog impounding operations in all
35 barangays of the City,” he said.

CSF Is BSP ‘Kapit-Bisig’ Award Finalist [ Friday | 12th day of July, 2019 | 1 month ago ]

The City Government of San Fernando just joined this year’s roster of leading private and public institutions in the country to be cited as Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP)’s outstanding stakeholders.

This, after it landed as a “Kapit-Bisig” Award national finalist under the Advocacy Support-Local Government Unit Coordination (City Level) category in the 2019 Awards Ceremony and Appreciation Lunch for BSP Stakeholders held July 10, 2019 at BSP in Malate, Manila.

More than 170 awards were given to different companies and local government units across the nation for their exemplary support for the programs and activities of BSP, led by Central Bank Governor Benjamin Diokno.

CSF’s Business License and Permit Division Chief Joseph Garcia, on behalf of Mayor Edwin “EdSa” Santiago, accepted the certificate. Garcia said the recognition was given to the city for its regular compliance with the directives of BSP.

The BSP states that the “Kapit-Bisig” Awards for LGU Coordination “are granted to the most active partner whose submissions of the prescribed reports are deemed compliant with the provisions of the Memorandum of Agreement on Information Sharing Arrangements between the BSP and the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG).”

“Maganda ang ginagawa nating pakikipagtulungan sa BSP dahil regular tayong nagbibigay ng datos o reports sa kanila patungkol sa iba’t-ibang aktibidad ng mga negosyo at financial institutions sa syudad. Itong compliance natin ay nakakatulong sa BSP upang makita yung galaw ng ekonomiya sa bansa,” Garcia explained.

He added that included in the reports were the activities of different business establishments and financial institutions in the city, including banks, money changers, and pawnshops.

For his part, Santiago remarked that this recognition just manifested the city’s fruitful partnership with private sectors.

“Ang San Fernando ay modelo na pagdating sa pagpapalaganap ng magandang relasyon sa pribadong sektor. Hindi tayo makakapag-comply sa mandato ng BSP kung hindi sa tulong ng mga kumpanyang ito. Ginagawa natin ito hindi lang para sa syudad, kung hindi sa pangkalahatang estado ng bansa,” he said.

The local chief executive shares the recognition to all its partners who worked closely with the city government in a bid to comply with the mandates of BSP.

For this year, only two LGUs in the country were shortlisted in the “Kapit-Bisig” Award. CSF was joined by the Hall of Famer City Government of Alaminos in Pangasinan which has been clinching the award for three consecutive years now.

This year’s event was themed, “One Team, One Goal: Resilient Partnership Towards Inclusive Economic Growth.”

Men’s Role In Ending Violence Against Women Highlighted In CSF [ Wednesday | 10th day of July, 2019 | 1 month ago ]

A group of selected men from the City of San Fernando recently vowed to support the campaign against gender violence by being part of the organization dubbed Men Opposed to Violence against Women (VAW) Everywhere or MOVE.

This organization was established in the city
during the three-day comprehensive training on Combating Gender-Based Violence
and Criminality which was initiated by the City Social Welfare and Development

The said activity was participated in by male
employees of the Local Government Unit and its attached agencies; as well as
male representatives from different sectors in the city.

During the training, the participants were taught
on their crucial roles, as men, in nurturing family relationships, promoting
gender equality, and eradicating violence in the community.

As new members of the MOVE, they were also
encouraged to take part in conducting researches and studies to improve or
formulate new policies addressing VAW; fostering a stronger comradeship among
its members; and, forging linkages with similar groups working against gender

Mayor Edwin “EdSa” Santiago also expressed his
support to this campaign and cited that it is also one way of addressing the
misconception that men are perpetrators of VAW.

“With the establishment of the MOVE, more men are
now involved in crafting solutions to halt all forms of violence or
discrimination against women,” he added.

Santiago furthered that the City Government’s
existing Gender and Development Focal Point System and the newly formed MOVE
can work hand-in-hand to implement more programs and services that promote
equal opportunities for all Fernandinos.


CSF Intensifies Peace And Order Campaign [ Wednesday | 10th day of July, 2019 | 1 month ago ]

The City Public Order and Safety Coordinating Office (CPOSCO) of the Local Government Unit of San Fernando is carrying out a number of measures to elevate the peace and order status in the community. 

A total of 83
traffic enforcers are deployed everyday, in shifting schedules, to direct
traffic and assist not only the motorists but also the commuters.


With the strict
implementation of the city’s traffic management code, the traffic enforcers
also conduct regular apprehension of erring motorists particularly those who
disregard traffic signs and violate the “no helmet, no travel” policy,
anti-smoke belching law and other pertinent statutes.


operations against vehicles that are illegally parked, overloaded, and colorum
are also executed.


Meanwhile, a
separate workforce is mandated to maintain the public order in the city.
Currently, there are 31 Public Order Enforcers who take charge of the clearing
operations against illegal structures and illegal vendors, among others.


Just this week, the
two teams have successfully conducted separate operations in Barangays Dolores,
Sto. Rosario, Lourdes and San Juan; and, along Mac-Arthur Highway and Jose Abad
Santos Avenue Road.


"I am happy
with the positive results of their initiatives to maintain the orderliness in
our city and the safety of Fernandinos. Aside from these, the city government
is also doubling its efforts to improve the transportation system in the city
with the implementation of a mass transit soon,” said Mayor Edwin “EdSa”
Santiago in an interview.


Mayor EdSa also
reiterated the importance of discipline among drivers and commuters whom he
urged to always observe traffic and road safety regulations.


The CPOSCO has also
created Facebook page “Public Order & Safety Coordinating Office-CPOSCO” to
keep the public updated on their programs and announcements, as well as the
real-time traffic situation in major thoroughfares.


Through this page,
the office is also ready to hear suggestions and address complaints from the


The CPOSCO was
institutionalized in 2016 and is currently headed by Officer-in-Charge Raymond
Del Rosario.

CSF Holds 6th Civil Registry Convention [ Tuesday | 9th day of July, 2019 | 1 month ago ]

The City Government of San Fernando, through its City Civil Registry Office, once again hosted the gathering of its partners in Civil Registration on June 27, 2019 at Heroes Hall. 

partners, composed of event coordinators, representatives from churches,
schools, and hospitals, and barangay officials and secretaries, were oriented
on Philippine Identification System (PhilSys) Act, Data Privacy Act, and the
2018 CSFP State of Civil Registration Report.

Registrar Shiela Garcia of Manaoag, Pangasinan led the discussion on the
PhilSys Act, which contained topics on the primary objective of the act;
information to be collected and stored under the ID; uses and advantages of the
ID; and, registration centers for the ID.

to Garcia’s report, the Civil Registration will play a vital role in the
implementation of the said act since the acquisition of a birth certificate
will be the first requirement for obtaining a PhilSys ID.

country’s Data Privacy Act of 2012 and its definition and contents were also
presented by Garcia, in a bid to help the participants, who are also record
holders, understand the proper ways and parameters of securing and protecting

City Civil Registrar Rimando Umali presented the State of Civil Registration
Report of the city for the previous year, including the increased number of
registered birth and death certificates.

13,353 in 2017, the number of registered births for 2018 climbed up to 14,954.
While, for the deaths, the recorded number for 2018 was 4,246, higher than the
3,845 in 2017. A small amount of decrease was meanwhile obtained for registered
marriages, with 1,363 in 2018 against 1,365 in 2017.

also shared a presentation on the proper procedures and guidelines on civil
registration in a bid to strengthen and urge the Fernandinos and its partners
on early registration of certificates.

city’s annual convention of Civil Registration partners is now on its sixth
year and was anchored on the theme, “Inclusive and Responsive CRVS: Working
Smarter through Innovation.” 

CSF Conducts Greening Program At Civic Center [ Tuesday | 9th day of July, 2019 | 1 month ago ]

More than 300 caballero, palm, and “malunggay” trees were planted in the City of San Fernando Civic Center at Barangay San Isidro on June 25, 2019, as part of the city’s greening program in the area. 

The tree-planting activity,
spearheaded by the City Environment and Natural Resources Office (CENRO), in
partnership with City Agriculture and Veterinary Office, was participated by
several CSF-LGU heads of offices and personnel.

It was also staged in time for
the observance of Philippine Arbor Day.

According to Maria Regina
Rodriguez, CENR Officer, the greening program was the initial project of the
city government for the development of a recreational area, the City Park.

“Itong greening program natin sa
City Civic Center, pilot project palang natin kasi may ide-develop rin tayong
City Park dito. Yung aim ng project na ito ay para gawing maganda at
sustainable ang Civic Center,” said Rodriguez.

The planted trees, Rodriguez
added, will be maintained by the office’s composting center and are expected to
be fully-grown at the end of the year or early next year.

Mayor Edwin “EdSa” Santiago, who
also planted a tree during the activity, meanwhile remarked that “now is the
right time to be one with the national government in its environmental

“Arbor Day is being participated
by all LGUs and we are proud na isa tayo sa mga lokal na gobyerno na
sumusuporta sa adhikaing ito. Ngayon na yung tamang oras para makiisa tayo at
gawin natin ang part natin dahil ang pagtatanim, it will help us in many ways.
It will prolong our lives and will help us fight climate change,” Santiago

Philippine Arbor Day is observed
across the nation every June 25 through planting trees and ornamental plants
and other forms of relevant activities “in a bid to promote a healthier
ecosystem for the people.” 

CSF Hosts PHL Social Workers’ Day Celebration [ Tuesday | 9th day of July, 2019 | 1 month ago ]

The City of San Fernando hosted the gathering of some five hundred (500) social workers from Central Luzon and nearby towns and provinces on June 19, 2019 at Heroes Hall for the celebration of Philippine Social Workers’ Day.

Edwin “EdSa” Santiago served as one of the speakers during the event, with his
speech revolving around the major contributions of social welfare and
development workers in creating a progressive community.

sa mga rason kung bakit progresibo ang isang lugar ay maayos ang pamamalakad ng
social welfare and development office. Dahil ito yung ahensya na yung misyon,
ay hubugin ang ating katauhan. Kapag buo ang katauhan ng mga bata at matanda, mula
sa edukasyon hanggang sa moral values, magiging progresibo ang ating
komunidad,” he said.

secretary of Department of Social Welfare and Development Rolando Joselito
Bautista also sent his message across, through Undersecretary Florita Villar.
Bautista’s message was centered to the agency’s continuous support for the
social workers in uplifting the lives of the society.

of the activity was the recognition of more than thirty (30) social workers who
have served and contributed to the agency through “the delivery of social
welfare and development services towards poverty alleviation in the country and
upliftment of the quality of life of its people.”

meanwhile, likewise left a message to the organizers of the event, ASEAN Social
Work Consortium-Philippines, together with local social workers association,
for choosing CSF to stage the said activity and said the city will always
accommodate such significant events.

year’s celebration of Social Workers’ Day, which was mainly aimed to honor the
hard work and commitment of social workers, was themed, “Social Work Profession
in the Philippines: Its Evolution and Resiliency through Changing Time.”

Mayor's Corner